This province is known primarily for its high production of livestock and the beauty of its beaches. Its relatively warm climate makes Guanacaste a much appreciated region, visited by local and foreign tourists. Despite being one of the largest provinces of the country, it concentrates only 8% of the population.
Located within its grounds is the Casona (literally big house), site of the Battle of Santa Rosa on March 20, 1856, in which Costa Ricans defeated and expelled the American filibusters who invaded the country under the orders of William Walker. The park offers one of the largest dry forests in Central America and many beaches, such as Nancite and Naranjo. Here you can see the white-tailed deer, howler monkeys, capuchin monkeys and over 100 other mammal species.
Palo Verde houses an incredible number of birds, as the park has extensive wetlands, grasslands, mangroves, forests and wetlands. It is considered one the best areas for bird watching in Central America. Here you can find the red cockatoo.
Tel: +506 2200.0125/2671.1455/2671.1290
Ostional Wildlife National Refuge
Located 56 km from Santa Cruz, it’s a popular place for sea turtles (hawksbill, green, leatherback and olive ridley), because it has a beach of 12 km in length. Turtles come at night to lay eggs between July and November. In the mangroves of the Refuge there are 102 species of birds. Also, the numerous cacti on the beach are home to a number of iguanas.
This park is known for its limestone caves, which have a depth of up to 240 meters. The most spectacular are Terciopelo (the only one open to the public), Trampa and Santa Ana. They all have many stalactites, stalagmites, columns, beads, flowers and calcium needles. This place is ideal for adventure tourism. A large number of mammals and birds also live in this park.
Located 25 km from Liberia, this place has an active volcano of 1916 meters above sea level, 257 species of birds and the largest concentration of orchids in Costa Rica, among which dwells the guaria morada (Guarianthe skinneri), the national flower. In the southern slopes of the volcano there is an area of hot springs and fumaroles.
Once a protected area, it was recently granted National Park status, in recognition of its important ecosystems. It’s known for its scenic beauty and panoramic views from the park’s high points. The crystal clear pools of the En Medio River, as well as the majestic waterfall in the Brasil Gorge, also add to its natural beauty. It is possible to watch a large number of birds and mammals while hiking along the forest trails.